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Biological Control : A Guide to Natural Enemies in North America Anthony Shelton, Ph.D., Professor of Entomology, Cornell University
 

Rangeland

includes meadows, grassland, pasture, and prairie, and grazing land.


Parasitoids

Flies

Pseudacteon spp.

Pathogens

Viruses

Baculoviruses

Fungi

Entomophaga grylli (species complex)
Entomophthera mucscae

Nematodes

Mermis nigrescens
Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita

Protozoa and Microsporidia




Predators

Bugs

Campylomma verbasci
Orius spp.

 

 

Weed Feeders

Knapweed Control Agents

Agapeta zoegana
Bangasternus fausti
Chaetorellia acrolophi
Cyphocleonus achates
Larinus minutus
Larinus obtusus
Metzneria paucipunctella
Pelochrista medullana
Pterolonche inspersa
Sphenoptera jugoslavica
Terellia virens
Urophora affinis
Urophora quadrifasciata

Leafy Spurge Control Agents

Aphthona abdominalis
Aphthona cyparissiae
Aphthona czwalinae
Aphthona flava
Aphthona lacertosa
Aphthona nigriscutis
Chamaesphecia hungarica
Hyles euphorbiae
Oberea erythrocephala
Spurgia esulae

Musk Thistle and Plumeless Thistle Control Agents

Rhinocyllus conicus
Trichosirocalus horridus

Toadflaxes Control Agents

Brachypterolus pulicarius
Calophasia lunula
Eteobalea intermediella
Eteobalea serratella
Gymnetron antirrhini
Gymnetron linariae
Gymnetron netum
Mecinus janthinus

Tropical Soda Apple

Gratiana boliviana

St. Johnswort Control Agents

Chrysolina quadrigemina


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Coccinella septempunctata

   
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