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Biological Control : A Guide to Natural Enemies in North America Anthony Shelton, Ph.D., Professor of Entomology, Cornell University
 

Forests

includes wooded land ranging in size from hedgerows and small wood lots to much larger acreage.


Parasitoids

Atanycolus cappaerti by Ian Lane
Catolaccus grandis
Ibalia leucospoides ensiger Robertson & Gandhi

Pathogens

Viruses

Baculoviruses

Fungi

Entomophthera mucscae
Metarhizium

Nematodes

Deladenus siricidicola (=Beddingia siricidicola)
Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita

Protozoa and Microsporidia

Antagonists
Phlebiopsis (=Peniophora,=Phlebia,= Phanerochaete,=Peniophora) gigantea

Predators

Beetles

Lady Beetles

Chilocurus stigma
Pseudoscymnus tsugae

Lacewings

Hemerobius spp.

Weed Feeders

Rhinoncomimus latipes




Banner Image

Cadaver of gypsy moth caterpillar killed by Entomophaga maimaiga

   
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